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A powerful earthquake measuring with 7.4 on the Richter scale struck off the area of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The earthquake point was centered at 26 km north of Donggala with a depth of 10 km with a coordinates of 0.18 LS and 119.85 BT occurring on Friday, September, 28 2018 at 17.02 p.m (local time). The earthquake caused a tsunami as high as 1.5 - 2 meters.
Besides the tsunami, an unusual phenomena called "liquefaction" followed the ground shaking described by the people as “mud coming out from the ground on a large scale after an earthquake with very hard shocks”. “They said the soil became mud-shaped causing buildings to collapse and washed away everything that it ran through”. Liquefaction is a process that makes saturated sandy materials behave like liquid when shaken. At least 4 areas in Central Sulawesi experienced liquefaction with very fatal impacts and large damage to infrastructure in South Sibalaya, Jono Oge, Balaroa and Petobo village.
As of October 21, 2018 at 01:00 p.m. the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) released a statement that since September 28, 2018 a total of 727 aftershocks have been recorded in Central Sulawesi. The number of victims due to the earthquake and tsunami continued to rise, as of October 25, 2018, estimated about 2.081 people died, 1.309 people missing and around 4.612 people were reported severely injured.
Currently, there are 112 IDPs camps with a total of 223.751 people found all over the city of Palu, Donggala, and Sigi districts. The impact of the earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction damaged many public facilities. Estimated damages were 68,451 houses, 327 places of worship and 265 educational facilities. Emergency response initiatives were established until 26 October 2018.
The Head of the Central Sulawesi Provincial Education Office released on October 17, 2018 data on the schools affected by the earthquake and tsunami on September 28, 2018. A total of 1,224 schools were affected where in Palu City reported 375 schools were badly hit by the disaster, Donggala district reported 521 schools, Parigi Mutong 93 schools, and Sigi 235 schools which resulted to around 184,094 students having difficulty in participating in their regular teaching and learning activities.
At present 156 students (20 kindergarten and 136 elementary school students) in the village of South Sibalaya, Tanambulava sub district, Sigi district, Indonesia study in a very simple temporary school with walls and a roof made of zinc because their school has been lost to the liquefaction disaster. But the challenge is that the school conditions become very hot from 10:00 a.m to noon.
Another condition is that with such a large number of students, the school does not yet have a TOILET for students and teachers, so often students and teachers have to borrow to use TOILET owned by people who live in temporary shelters. Students and teachers hope to have a TOILET at school so they can have more fun and can easily access these important facilities.
HELP THEM TO KEEP SMILE POST DISASTER
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